Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome - OHSS
Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is a serious medical condition affecting the ovaries of some women who take fertility medication to stimulate egg growth. Most cases are mild, but rarely the condition is severe and can lead to serious illness or death.It is characterized by enlarged ovaries, abdominal distention and discomfort, ascites, nausea and vomiting, and, in severe cases, oliguria, i.e. reduced urine output, liver dysfunction and respiratory distress syndrome.
The incidence of OHSS has been shown to increase with the number of oocytes retrieved. On the basis of the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) data from 2008–2010, the incidence of OHSS was 0.37% in fresh cycles with six to 10 oocytes and 1.67% in fresh cycles with 16–20 oocytes.
The risk of OHSS must be balanced with the risks and costs of another cycle; however most patients do not develop OHSS. Moreover, OHSS is becoming less of a concern owing to strategies developed to manage and prevent OHSS. For patients receiving a conventional GnRH antagonist protocol, the use of a GnRH agonist trigger seems to substantially reduce (but not eliminate) the risk of OHSS